Since October 2019, Lebanon has been going through an unprecedented economic crisis. The World Bank has ranked Lebanon among the top three gravest global financial crises since the mid-nineteenth century. The Lebanese currency has lost more than 95% of its value, reducing residents’ ability to access basic rights, including food, water, health care, and education.

Anti-government protests, which began on October 17, 2019, against political corruption, continued in 2020. Corruption is mainly related to the sectarian system that has prevailed in Lebanon since the establishment of the state in 1920. It is reflected through the successive Lebanese governments and was reproduced through elections based on the sectarian distribution of parliament seats.

The Coronavirus pandemic came on the heels of severe financial and political crises. The government failed to reimburse hospitals, and even urgent cases were not provided by life-saving medical care interventions. Shortage in foreign currencies is restricting the import of vital medical equipment and medicines...

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